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''' Omar Khayyám '''; born '''''' (; , ; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131), was a Persian people|Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and Persian literature|poet, who is widely considered to be one of the most influential scientists of the middle ages. He wrote numerous treatises on mechanics, geography and cartography in medieval Islam|geography, mineralogy and astronomy. Born in Nishapur, in northeastern Iran, also known as Persia, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there. Afterwards he moved to Bukhara and became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the Islamic Golden Age. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the ''Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra'' (1070), which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by...
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